The Extended Essay, a compulsory component of the IBDP curriculum, is designed to give you an opportunity to engage in the methods of critical research. It is defined as “an in-depth study of a focused topic” intended to give you experience of the kind of individual, independent, and sustained research work that is encountered in college and university education.
For each subject, there are very particular standards you must follow. Get to know these resources (below) as you consider your subject options. After you have chosen a subject, use this very practical advice throughout the rest of the process.
The entire range of our databases are available to use. This particular list centers on what you will typically need for your essays, but feel free to use the others.
"As creators/authors, we are expected to acknowledge any materials or ideas that are not ours and that have been used in any way, such as quotation, paraphrase, or summary. The term 'materials' means written, oral or electronic products, and may include the following:
Basic and common knowledge within a field or subject does not need to be acknowledged. However, if we are in doubt whether the source material is common knowledge or not, we should cite!"
from Effective Citing and Referencing, by the IB Programme of International Education, 2014
When Sources Must Be Cited (Checklist)*
Information that always must be cited—whether web-based or print-based—includes:
If you use specific information of the type just mentioned, document it; otherwise you could be plagiarizing. Better safe than lazy. By citing the source of your information you point to an authority rather than ask your reader to trust your memory or what might appear to be your own idea. Even though you can recall a statistic or a description of a process, for example, citation of such information—if it came directly from a source—gives more credibility to your writing and underscores the accuracy, timeliness, and even the potential bias of your information. In short, be honest, smart, and safe.
According to the Princeton University Library, a primary source is a "document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study." They go on to provide clarity to the primary source question:
Examples of primary sources include:
Find out how a primary source differs from a secondary source by visiting their web page.
MLA format requires in-text parenthetical references.
There are only two reasons to use footnotes or end notes:
To be perfectly clear, footnotes and end notes do count against your total word count.
There is plenty of available support, so please take advantage:
"Are Notes Compatible with MLA Style?" Ask the MLA. Modern Language Association, 2016. Web. 14 June 2016. <https://style.mla.org/2016/02/29/using-notes-in-mla-style/>.